INDEX: [General History] [Anthologies] [Lesbian: General] [Pre-Modern Lesbian] [Modern Lesbian] [Literary History] [Language] [Theory] [Famous Homosexuals] [Anthropology] [Ancient] [Medieval] [Early Modern] [Renaissance] [European] [English Early Modern] [English Modern] [German] [Dutch] [French] [Spain & Portugal] [Modern American] [China, India and Japan] [Middle East] [Latin America] [Africa] [Colonial and non-European
Updated 19 October 2012

North America: Pre-Modern History

American Indians

Allen, Paula Gunn
"Lesbians in American Indian cultures", in The Sacred Hoop, 1986, reprinted in Duberman et al., Hidden from History, 1989, pp. 106-117.
Jacobs, Sue-Ellen
"Berdache: A Brief Review of the Literature", Colorado Anthropologist, 1 (1968), pp. 25-40.
Jacobs, Sue Ellen, Thomas, Wesley and Lang, Sabine (eds)
Two-Spirit People: Native American Gender Identity, Sexuality, and Spirituality. 1997.
Kenny, Maurice
"Tinselled bucks: An historical study in Indian homosexuality", in Leyland, Gay Roots (1991), 113-23.
Roscoe, Will
Changing Ones: Third and Fourth Genders in Native North America.
Roscoe, Will
Living the Spirit: A Gay American Indian Anthology. New York: St Martin's Press, 1988. The North American Indian berdache.
Trexler, Richard C.
"Making the American Berdache: choice or constraint?', Journal of Social History, 35 (3) (Spring 2002): 613-36. (A prize-winning essay)
Whitehead, Harriet
"The boy and the burden strap: A new look at institutionalized homosexuality in Native North America", in Abelove et al., The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader (1993), 498-527.
Williams, Walter L.
The Spirit and the Flesh: Sexual Diversity in American Indian Culture. Boston: Beacon Press, 1986.

American History before 1900

Benemann, William
Male-Male Intimacy in Early America: Beyond Romantic Friendships (Harrington Park Press, 2006)
Benemann, William
Men in Eden: William Drummond Stewart and Same-Sex Desire in the Rocky Mountain Fur Trade, University of Nebraska Press, 2012.
Bonomi, Patricia U.
The Lord Cornbury Scandal: The Politics of Reputation in British America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.
Brown, Kathleen
"`Changed . . . into the fashion of man': the politics of sexual difference in a seventeenth-century Anglo-American settlement", Journal of the History of Sexuality, 6(2) (1995), pp. 171-93.
Burns, Robert
"`Queer doings': Attitudes towards homosexuality in 19th century Canada", Body Politic, Our Image No. 6 (December-January 1976), 4-7.
Crompton, Louis
"Homosexuals and the death penalty in Colonial America", Journal of Homosexuality, 1 (1976), pp. 277-93.
Deitcher, David
Dear Friends: American Photographs of Men Together, 1840-1918.
Duberman, Martin
"'Writhing bedfellows' in Antebellum South Carolina: historical interpretation and the politics of evidence", Journal of Homosexuality, 6 (1/2) (Fall/Winter 1980/1>, pp. 85-102. Reprinted in Duberman et al., Hidden from History, 1989, pp. 153-68.
Gould, Mitchell Santine
"Walt Whitman's Quaker paradox", Quaker History, 96:1 (Spring, 2007), 1-23.
The History Project, Deborah Chasman (Editor), Barney Frank, compilers
Improper Bostonians: Lesbian and Gay History from the Puritans to Playland. Beacon Press, 1999.
Katz, Jonathan Ned
"The age of sodomitical sin, 1607-1740", in Goldberg, Reclaiming Sodom (1994), pp. 43-58.
Katz, Jonathan
Gay American History: Lesbians and Gay Men in the U.S.A. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1976; more recently reprinted.
Katz, Jonathan
Love Stories: Sex Between Men Before Homosexuality. University of Chicago Press, 2001.
Martin, Robert K.
"Knights-errant and Gothic seducers: the representation of male friendship in mid-nineteenth-century America", in Duberman et al., Hidden from History, 1989, pp. 169-82.
Moogk, Peter N.
"'Thieving buggers' and 'stupid sluts': Insults and poular culture in New France", William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd ser., 36 (1979): 524-47.
Oaks, Robert F.
"Defining sodomy in seventeenth-century Massachusetts", Journal of Homosexuality, 6(1/2) (1980), pp. 79-84.
Oaks, Robert F.
"`Things fearful to name': Sodomy and buggery in seventeenth-century New England", Journal of Social History, 12 (1978), 268-81. Reprinted in Wayne R. Dynes and Stephen Donaldson (eds), History of Homosexuality in Europe and America, New York and London: Garland Publishing, 1992), pp. 236-49.
Quinn, D. Michael
Same-sex Dynamics among Nineteenth-century Americans; a Mormon example. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1996.
Rotundo, Anthony
"Romantic friendship: Male intimacy and middle-class youth in the Northern United States, 1800-1900", Journal of Social History, 23 (1) (1990).
San Francisco Lesbian and Gay History Project
"`She even chewed tobacco': a pictorial narrative of passing women in America", in Duberman et al., Hidden from History, 1989, pp. 183-94.
Shively, Charley
"Big Buck & Big Lick: Abe Lincoln & Walt Whitman", in Leyland, Gay Roots (1991), 125-37.
Shively, Charley (ed.)
Calamus Lovers: Walt Whitman's Working Class Camerados. San Francisco: Gay Sunshine Press, 1987.
Shively, Charley (ed.)
Drum Beats: Walt Whitman's Civil War Boy Lovers San Francisco: Gay Sunshine Press, 1989.
Shively, Charley
"George Washington's gay mess: Was the "father of our country" a queen?", in Leyland, Gay Roots, Vol. 2 (1993), 11-68.
Sylvestre, Paul-François
Bougrerie en Nouvelle-France (Homosexual acts in Canada before 1760). Hull: Editions Asticou, 1983.
Talley, Colin L.
"Gender and male same-sex erotic behavior in British North America in the seventeenth century", Journal of the History of Sexuality, 6(3) (1996), pp. 385-408.

Go on to Modern North American History

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