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Updated 22 May 2015

Medieval History

Bailey, Derrick Sherwin
Homosexuality and the Western Christian Tradition. London: Longmans, Green, 1955.
Bein, Thomas
"Orpheus als Sodomit: Beobachtungen zu einer mhd. Sangspruchstrophe mit (literar)historischen Exkursen zur Homosexualität im hohen Mittelalter", Zeitschrift für deutsche Philologie, 109 (1990): 33-55.
Bennett, Judith
" 'Lesbian-Like' and the Social History of Lesbianisms", Journal of the History of Sexuality, 9: 1-2 (January/April 2000): 1-24.
Birkhan, Helmut
"Qu'est-ce qui est préférable de l'hétérosexualité ou de l'homosexualité? La témoignage d'un poème latin", in Amour, mariage et transgressions au Moyen Âge, ed. D. Buschinger and A. Crépin, Göppingen: Kümmerle, 11984, pp. 25&I#150;45.
Bond, Gerald A.
"Locus amoris: The poetry of Baudri of Bourgueil and the formation of the Ovidian subculture", Traditio, 42 (1986): 143–93.
Boone, Marc
"Le tres fort, vilain et detestable criesme et pechié de zodomie: Homosexualité et répression à Bruges pensant la période bourguignonne (fin 14e–début 16e siècle)", in Beleid en Bstuur in den Oude Nederlanden. Liber Amicorum Prof. Dr. M. Baelde, ed. H. Soly and R. Vermeir, Gent, 1993: pp. 1–18.
Boone, Marc
"State power and illicit sexuality: The persecution of sodomy in late medieval Bruges", Journal of Medieval History, 22 (1996): 135-53.
Boyd, David Lorenzo and Ruth Mazo Karras
" 'Ut cum muliere': A Male Transvestite Prostitute in Fourteenth Century London", in Premodern Sexualities, edited by Louise Fradenburg and Carl Freccero. London: Routledge, 1996. (Originally in GLQ, 1995)
Boswell, John
Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality: Gay People in Western Europe from the Beginning of the Christian Era to the Fourteenth Century. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1980.
Boswell, John
"Dante and the sodomites", Dante Studies, 112 (1994): 33-51.
Boswell, John
The Marriage of Likeness: Same-sex Unions in Pre-modern Europe. London: HarperCollins, 1995 (orig. pub. 1994).
Boyd, David Lorenzo
"Disrupting the norm: Sodomy, culture, and the male body in Peter Damian's Liber Gomorrhianus, in Essays in Medieval Studies. 1994 Proceedings of the Illinois Medieval Association, ed. A. J. Frantzen and D. A. Robertson, 11 (1995): 67.
Boyd, David Lorenzo and Ruth Mazo Karras
"'Ut cum muliere': A male transvestite prostitute in fourteenth century London", in Premodern Sexualities, ed. Louise Fradenburg and Carl Freccero, London: Routledge, 1996. (Originally in GLQ, 1995). About John Rykener, calling himself "Eleanor", a male prostitute arrested in 1395.
Brall, Helmut
"Geschlechtlichkeit, Homosexualität, Freundesliebe. Über mann-männliche Liebe in mittelalter Literatur", Forum Homosexualität und Literatur, 13 (1991): 5–27.
Brall, Helmut
"Reflections of homosexuality in medieval poetry and chronicles", in Christoph Loreyu and John Plews (eds), Queering the Canon: Defying Sights in German Literature and Culture. Columbia, SC: Camden House, 1998., pp. 89-105.
Brisson, Luc
Sexual Ambivalence: Androgyny and Hermaphroditism in Graeco-Roman Antiquity. University of California Press, 2002.
Brooten, Bernadete J.
Love Between Women: Early Christian Responses to Female Homoeroticism. University of Chiucago Press, 1996.
Brundage, James A.
"Politics of sodomy: Rex vs. Pons Hugh de Ampurias (1311)", in Joyce El Salisbury (ed.), Sex in the Middle Ages. New York: Garland, 1991, pp. 239-46.
Burgwinkle, William E.
Sodomy, Masculinity and Love in Medieval Literature: France and England, 1050-1230 (Cambridge Studies in Medieval Literature, Cambridge University Press, 2004)
Burman, Edward
Supremely Abominable Crimes: The Trial of the Knights Templar. London: Allison & Busby, 1996.
Canosa, Romano
Storia di una grande paura. La sodomia a Firenze et a Venezia nel Quattrocento, Milano: Feltrinelli, 1991.
Dinshaw, Carolyn
"Chaucer's queer touches/A queer touches Chaucer", Exemplaria, 7 (1995): 75-92.
Dinshaw, Carolyn
Getting Medieval: sexualities and communities, pre- and postmodern (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1999)
Düchting, Reinhard
" 'Sonderlicher denn Frauenliebe': Homoerotische Lyrik des lateinishen Mittelalters", in Homoerotische Lyrik. 6. Kolloquium der Forschungsstelle für európäische Lyrik des Mittlealters, ed. T. Stemmler, Mannheim: Universität, 1992, pp. 89–101.
Frantzen, Allen J.
Before the Closet: Same-Sex Love from "Beowulf" to "Angels in America", Chicago: University Press, 1998.
Frantzen, Allen J.
"Between the lines: Queer theory, the history of homosexuality, and Anglo-Saxon penitentials", Journal of Medieval and Early modern Studies, 26 (1996): 255-96.
Frantzen, Allen J.
"The disclosure of sodomy in Cleanness", PMLA, 111 (1996): 451.
Gade, Kari Ellen
"Homosexuality and the rape of males in Old Norse Law and literature", Scandinavian Studies, 58 (1986): 1243.
Gaunt, Véase Simon
"Gay Studies and Feminism: A Medievalist's perspective", in Medieval Feminist Newsletter, 13 (1992): 3–7.
Gilbert, Arthur N.
"Conceptions of homosexuality and sodomy in Western history", in Licata and Petersen, The Gay Past (1985), 57-68 (orig. pub. 1980).
Gilmour-Bryson, Anne
"Sodomy and the Knights Templar", Journal of the History of Sexuality, 7 (1996): 151-83.
Goldberg, Jonathan
Sodometries, Renaissance Texts, Modern Sexualities, Stanford: University Press, 1992.
Goldberg, Jonathan
Queering the Renaissance, Durham: Duke University Press, 1994
Goodich, Michael
"Sexual deviation as heresty in the XII–XIVth centuries", Modernité et non-conformism en France à travers les âges, ed. M. Yardeni, Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1983, pp. 14–22.
Goodich, Michael
"Sexual nonconformism and the fires of lust", in The Other Middle Ages: Witnesses at the Margins of Medieval Society, Phiuladelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998, pp. 104–49.
Goodich, Michael
"Sodomy in ecclesiastical law and theory", Journal of Homosexuality, 1 (1976): 427-34.
Goodich, Michael
"Sodomy in medieval secular law", Journal of Homosexuality, 1 (1976): 295-302.
Goodich, Michael
The Unmentionable Vice: Homosexuality in the Later Medieval Period. Santa Barbara CA and Oxford: ABC-Clio, 1979.
Hallam, Paul
The Book of Sodom. London and New York: Verso, 1993.
Hergemöller, Bernd-Ulrich
"Accusatio und denunciatio im Rahmen der Spätmittelalterlichen Homosexuellenverfolgung in Venedig und Florenz", in Denunziation: Historische, juristische und psychologische Aspekte, ed. G. Jerouschek, Tubingen: Niemeyer, 1997, pp. 74–79.
Hergemöller, Bernd-Ulrich
"Sodomiter. Erscheinungsformen und Kausal faktoren des spätmittelalterlichen Kampfes gegen Homosexuelle", in Randgruppen der spätmittelalterlichen Geselschaft, ed. B.-U. Hergeöller, Warendorf: Frahlbusch, 1994 (2nd ed. corr.), pp. 361–403.
Hergemöller, Bernd-Ulrich
Sodom and Gomorrah: On the everyday reality and persecution of homosexuals in the Middle Ages. Review.
Hergemöller, Bernd-Ulrich
Sodom und Gomorrha. Zur Altagswirklicheit und Verfolgung Homosexueller in Mittelalter, Hamburg: MännerschwarmSkript, 1998.
Holsinger, Bruce W.
"The flesh of the voice: Embodiment and the homoerotics of devotion in the music of Hildegard of Bingen (1098–1179)", Signs, 19 (1993): 92–125.
Hotchkiss, Valerie
Clothes Make the Man: Female Cross-Dressing in Medieval Europe, New York: Garland, 1996.
Hug, Annette
"Quae non custodiuintur (aut non custodiri possunt). Des femmes lesbiennes au bas Moyen Âge", Les Lesbianaires, 31 (1991): 3–14.
Hutcheson, Gregory S.
"Desperately Seeking Sodom: Queerness in the Chronicles of Alvaro de Luna", in Queer Iberia, edited by Josiah Blackmore and Gregory S. Hutcheson. Durham: Duke University Press, 1999.
Jiménez, Rafael M. Mérida
"Teorias presentes, amores medievales: En torno al estudio del homoerotismo en las cultural del Medioevo occidental", Revista de Poética Medieval, 4 (2000): 51–98.
Johansson, Warren and Percy, William A.
"Homosexuality", in Handbook of Medieval Sexuality, ed. Vern L. Bullough and J. A. Brundage, New York: Garland, 1996, pp. 155–89.
Jordan, Mark D.
The Invention of Sodomy in Christian Theology. University of Chicago Press, 1997.
Keiser, Elizabeth B.
Courtly Desire and Medieval Homophobia. The Legitimation of Sexual Pleasure in Cleanness and Its Contexts. Yale University Press, 1997.
Kolve, V.A.
"Ganymede/Son of Getron: Medieval Monasticism and the Drama of Same-Sex Desire", Speculum, 73:4 (1997): 1014-1067.
Kuefler, Matthew
The Manly Eunuch: Masculinity, Gender Ambiguity and Christian Ideology in Late Antiquity. University of Chicago Press, 2001.
Kuster, H. J. and Cormier, R. J.
"Old views and new trends: Observations on the problem of homosexuality in the Middle Ages", Studi Medievali, 25 (1984): 587-610.
Labalme, Patricia H.
"Sodomy and Venetian justice in the Renaissance", Revue d'Histoire du Droit, 52 (1985): 217–54.
Lankewish, Vincent A.
"Assault from behind: Sodomy, foreign invasion, and masculine identity in the Roman d'Enéas", in Sylvia Tomasch and Sealy Giles (eds), Text and Territory: Geographical Imagination in the European Middle Ages. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1988, p. 219.
Lansing, Carol
"Donna con Donna? A 1295 Inquest into Female Sodomy", Studies in Medieval and Renaissance History, 3rd series, No. 2 (2005): 109.
Leneman, Helen
"Reclaiming Jewish history: homo-erotic poetry of the Middle Ages", Changing Men, 18 (Summer/Fall 1987), pp. 22-8.
Matter, E. Ann
"Discourses of desire: Sexuality and Christian women's visionary narratives", Journal of Homosexuality, 18 (1989–90): 119–31.
Matter, E. Ann
"My Sister, my Spouse: Woman-identified women in Medieval Christianity", Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, 2 (1986): 81-93.
McAlpine, Monica E.
"The Pardoner's homosexuality and how it matters", Publications of the Modern Language Association, 95 (1980): 18.
McGuire, Brian Patrick
Brother and Lover: Aelred of Rievaulx, New York: Crossroad, 1994.
McGuire, Brian Patrick
"Love, friendship and sex in the eleventh century: The experience of Anselm", Studia Theologica, 28 (1974): 111-52.
Mérida, Rafael M.
"Teorías presentes, amores medievales. En torno al estudio del homoerotismo en las culturas del Medioevo occidental", Revista de Poética Medieval, vol. 4 (2000), pp. 51-98.
Monter, E. William
"Sodomy and heresy in early modern Switzerland", Journal of Homosexuality, 6 (1980): 41–55.
Murray, Jacqueline
"Twice marginal and twice invisible: Lesbians in the Middle Ages", in Handbook of Medieval Sexuality, ed. Vern L. Bullough and J. A. Brundage, New York: Garland, 1996, pp. 191–222.
Nissinen, Martti Nissinen
Homoeroticism in the Biblical World: A Historical Perspective. Fortress Press, 1998
Norton, Rictor
"The historical roots of homophobia", in Leyland, Gay Roots, Vol. 2 (1993), 69-90.
Pavan, Elisabeth
"Police des moeurs. Societés et politique à Venise à la fin du Moyen Âge", Révue Historique, 264 (1980): 241–88.
Payer, Pierre J.
Sex and the Penitentials: The Development of a Sexual Code, 550–1150, Toronto: University Press, 1984, p. 5.
Puff, Helmut
"Female Sodomy: The Trial of Katherina Hetzeldorfer (1477)", Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies, 30 (2000): 41-61.
Puff, Helmut, ed.
Lust, Angst und Provokation: Homosexualiltät in der Gesellschaft, Göttingen: Sammlung Vandenhoeck, 1993.
Raby, Michel J.
"Le péché 'contre nature' dans la littérature médiévale: deux cas", Romance Quarterly, 44, 4 (Fall 1997): 215-23.
Rocke, Michael
"Sodomites in Fifteenth-century Tuscany: The view of Bernardino of Siena", in The Pursuit of Sodomy: Male Homosexuality in Renaissance and Enlightenment Europe, ed. K. Gerard and G. Hekma, New York: Harrington Park, 1989, pp. 7–31.
Rosenthal, Franz
"Ar-RÔzi on the Hidden Illness", Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 52 (1978): 45-60. Medieval medical theories of same-sex love, in particular passive anal sex.
Roth, Norman
"'Deal gently with the young man': Love of boys in medieval Hebrew poetry of Spain", Speculum, 57 (1982): 20-51.
Roth, Norman
"'Fawn of my delights': Boy-love in Hebrew and Arabic verse", in J. E. Salisbury (ed.), Sex in the Middle Ages: A Book of Essays. New York: Garland, 1991, pp. 157-72.
Russell, Kenneth C.
"Aelred, the gay Abbot of Rievaulx", Studia Mystica, 5 (1982): 51–64.
Scanlon, Larry
"Unmanned men and eunuchs of God: Peter Damian's Liber Gomorrhianus and the sexual politics of papal reform", New Medieval Literatures, 2 (1998): 37–64.
Soreitzer, Brigitte
Die Stumme Sunde: Homosexualitat im Mittelalter. Goppingen, 1988. A collection of European documents relating to homosexuality.
Spreitzer, Brigitte
Die stumme Sünde: Homosexualität im Mittelalter. Mit einem Textanhang, Göppingen: Kümmerle, 1988.
Stehling, Thomas, trans.
Medieval Latin Poems of Male Love and Friendship. New York: Garland, 1984.
Stehling, Thomas
"To love a medieval boy", Journal of Homosexuality, 8.3/4 (1983): 151–70.
Wiethaus, Ulrike
"Sexuality, gender and the body in Late Medieval women's spirituality: Cases from Germany and the Netherlands", Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, 7 (1991): 35–52.
Zeikowitz, Richard E.
Homoeroticism and Chivalry: Discourses of Male Same-sex Desire in the 14th Century (Palgrave Macmillan, 2003)


Medieval Latin Poems of Male Love and Friendship, trans. Thomas Stehling, vol. 7 in Garland Library of Medieval Literature, general editors James J. Wilhelm and Lowry Nelson, Jr. New York and London: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1984. EXCELLENT. But mainly poetry. Ausonius (c.310-394); Paulinus of Nola (c.353-431) [incl. parts of letters between them]; Ennodius (c. 473-521); Luxorius (early 6thc); The Latin Anthology (early 6thc); Alcuin (c. 735-804); Walafrid Strabo (c.808-849) love poems addressed to named friends; Notker Balbuulus (c.840-912) love poems; Salomo (c.860-920) and Waldo, incl Salomo's replies to Notker; Godfrey of Winchester (c. 1107); Anselm (1033-1109), to Gundulf; Marbod of Rennes (c.1035-1123) to an absent friend; Baudri of Bourgueil (1046-1130) to a youth, dozens; Hildebert of Lavardin (c.1055-1133); Peter Abelard (1079- 1142); Hilary the Englishman (12thc); Bernard of Cluny (mid-12thc); Serlo of Wilton (c.1110-1181); Walter of Chatillon (c.1135-after 1184); graffiti; lesbian love letters; debates; Carmina Burana (c.1220-1230); extensive notes on biography and text.

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