Passions of the Cut Sleeve: The Male
Homosexual Tradition in China. Berkeley, Los
Angeles, Oxford: University of California Press, 1990.
Ng, Vivien W.
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Duberman et al., Hidden from History (1989),
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traditional Chinese literature", Journal of Homosexuality 14,
nos. 3-4 (1987), pp. 21-33.
Sommer, Matthew H.
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"Exemplary sodomites: Male homosexuality in late Ming fiction", Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California at Berkeley, 1994.
The Libertine's Friend: Homosexuality and Masculinity in Late Imperial China, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2011. Review on Histsex.
Xiaomingxiong (Ng Siu-ming)
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The Invisibles: Tale of the Eunuchs of India.
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Sweet, Michael and Zwilling, Leonard
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taxonomy and etiology of queerness in classical Indian medicine",
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Sweet, Michael and Zwilling, Leonard
"`Like a city ablaze': The third
sex and the creation of sexuality in Jain religious literature",
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Vanita, Ruth, translator and editor
Chocolate, and Other Writings on Male-Male Desire by Pandey Bechan Sharma 'Ugra' (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2006)
The first public debate on homosexuality in modern India occurred in the 1920s, in the thick of the movement for national independence. It was sparked off by a collection of Hindi short stories entitled Chocolate (1927), by Hindi nationalist writer Pandey Bechan Sharma, better known by his pen-name ‘Ugra’ (extreme). The stories created such an uproar that almost every major public figure, from Premchand to Gandhi, joined in the debate. This first-ever English translation of Ugra’s work raises issues as salient today as eight decades ago: the interpretation of text, the role of fiction in relation to society, and the morality of same-sex erotic relationships. Ugra’s writings provide a window on nationalist constructions of Indian identity, especially in relation to ideas of India’s past; of gender, masculinity, and sexuality; and of Hindu-Muslim and Indian-foreign relations. Many of the prejudices and ideas bandied about in the 1920s still hold centre stage, and resurface in debates about sexuality, obscenity, censorship, and the civil rights of gay people. In her introduction, Ruth Vanita, who has extensively studied the pre-modern and modern history of same-sex relationships in India, discusses the book’s ambivalent portrayal of homosexuality and the debate it sparked off among Hindi littérateurs and nationalists.
Love’s Rite: Same-Sex Marriage in India and the West (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005).
Love’s Rite is the first book to examine same-sex weddings and same-sex couple suicides in India over the last two decades, discussing these phenomena in the context of the international debate on gay marriage, and in the context of past and present Indian and Euro-American cultural representations of same-sex union, from fourteenth-century narratives about co-wives who miraculously produce a child together to nineteenth-century depictions of ritualized unions between women. Love’s Rite brings a fresh perspective to the gay marriage debate, suggesting that same-sex marriage dwells not at the margins of society but at the heart of culture.
Hawkins, Joseph R.
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Miller, Stephen D. (ed.)
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Japanese Gay Literature. San Francisco: Gay
Sunshine Press, 1996.
Minakata Kumagusu and Iwata Jun'ichi
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