Two men kissingGay History and Literature: Essays by Rictor Norton

Queer History Links

LINKS TO THE BEST SITES ON THE WEB FOR GAY AND LESBIAN HISTORY
Updated 2 December 2012

| General GLBT History | GLBT History by Periods | Regional GLBT History | Transgender History | Lesbian History | Black GLBT History | Language and Literary History | Cinema, Theatre, and Music History | Galleries with Historical GLBT Images | See also separate pages on Book Reviews and Biographies

GENERAL GLBT HISTORY

  • An Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Culture Outstanding, comprehensive resource
  • GLBT (Queer) History Extensive list of internet links, plus Abstracts of Theses and Articles, plus Summaries of Ph.D. Dissertations
  • Gay History, Gay Celebrities, Gay Icons
  • Teaching "Straight" Gay and Lesbian History by Nancy C. Unger (reprinted from The Journal of American History 93 (March 2007), pp. 1192–99).
  • LGBT Religious Archives Network documenting the history of LGBT religious movements
  • Queer Heritage: A Timeline — a good chronology of queer history
  • Gay History A series of interesting and in-depth articles by Adam Carr previously published in gay journals
  • QueerTheory.com Online resources in Queer Culture, Queer Theory, Queer Studies, Gender Studies and related fields
  • Critiques of the modern use of the word "queer"
  • Lesbian and Gay Studies Project
  • People with a History (Once excellent, but not updated since 1998)
  • Gay Art and History: The World History of Male Love Gay history and mythology, homoerotic art, homosexual traditions, highly illustrated
  • Gays, Lesbians and Bisexuals in History
  • Gay Culture and History
  • New York Public Library Gay and Lesbian Studies Research Guide
  • Gay Heroes Not very scholarly, but fun, e.g. Was Lincoln Gay?
  • Homosexual and Bisexual Rulers (a list of 72 rulers, with dates)
  • Famous GLBT People Comprehensive illustrated and generally trustworthy list, with longer biographies of Horatio Alger, Antinous, Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini, Lord Byron, Caravaggio, Cecil Rhodes, Benvenuto Cellini, Jean Cocteau, Correggio, Emily Dickinson, Lord Alfred Douglas, Edward II, Andre Gide, George Friedrich Handel, Johann Christian Friedrich Holderlin, Alexander von Humboldt, T. E. Lawrence, Leonardo da Vinci, Marie Antoinette, Arthur Rimbaud, Paul Verlaine, and others
  • A-Z of Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual People Detailed information about almost 700 gays, with hundreds of portraits. Good European coverage, especially comprehensive on Dutch figures, and people from the world of popular entertainment
  • Famous Same-Sex Couples Interesting survey of famous same-sex couples in history, and today, part of the Partners Task Force for Gay & Lesbian Couples
  • Scripture and Homosexuality Excerpts from The Church and the Homosexual by John J. McNeill, SJ. 1977.

    GLBT HISTORY BY CHRONOLOGICAL PERIODS

  • The Tomb of Niankhkhnum and Khnumhotep Ancient Egyptian manicurists who may have been the earliest recorded gay couple
  • Greek Homosexuality. Illustrated article by Hein van Dolen, a good introduction to new understandings of the subject
  • Two equal-age youths embracing, from a Greek wine cooler, 510 BCEHomosexuality in Greece and Rome: A Sourcebook of Basic Documents in Translation, ed. by Thomas K. Hubbard, with hundreds of illustrations, showing that equal-age homosexual relations were as popular as pederastic relations.
  • Homosexuality and the Bible, comprehensive analysis of biblical texts and modern interpretation
  • A Problem in Greek Ethics, the complete text of John Addington Symonds's pioneering study of 1901
  • The Historic Origins of Church Condemnation of Homosexuality
  • Homosexuality, Intolerance, and Christianity Extensive critique and commentary on the work of gay scholar John Boswell concerning the early Christian attitude to homosexuality
  • Eighteenth-Century British Erotica Facsimile collection from Pickering & Chatto, including some homoerotic works
  • Offences Against One's Self Essays on Homosexuality by Jeremy Bentham, 18th cent.
  • Edward Carpenter Archives Important works by the pioneer British gay activist Edward Carpenter (1844-1929), edited by Simon Dawson
  • A Roman Youth, watercolour by Simeon Solomon Simeon Solomon Research Archive by Roberto C. Ferrari, about the Victorian painter convicted for homosexual acts. Biography; annotated bibliography of works by him and reviews of works about him; links to websites illustrating his art
  • Fanny and Stella: Newspaper reports about the notorious Victorian case of two cross-dressing men, Ernest Boulton and Frederick William Park
  • A Problem in Modern Ethics, the complete text of John Addington Symonds's study of 1896
  • Hall-Carpenter Archives of British LGBT history, with a comprehensive list of links to European LGBT archives
  • Gay Antiquarian Catalogue
  • Stonewall and Beyond: Lesbian and Gay Culture (Book Exhibition)

    REGIONAL GLBT HISTORY

    AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND

  • Meeting Nineteenth-Century Gay Man Review of homosexual trials in 19th-century Australia

    BRAZIL AND PORTUGAL

  • A Pedophile in the Palace: or The Sexual Abuse of King Sebastian of Portugal (1554-1578) and its Consequences (2004), by Harold B. Johnson
  • Might Prince Henry 'The Navigator' have been gay?, by Harold B. Johnson

    CANADA

  • History Project A GLBT Encyclopedia of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
  • Alexander "Molly" Wood, 1722-1844 Involved in a sex scandal in 1810, became a historical icon for the modern Toronto gay community
  • Reflections on Early Canada, part 1: Changing Attitudes Towards Homosexuality in the Late 19th Century, followed by further parts in later blogs at The Drummer's Revenge
  • Canadian Lesbian and Gay Archives

    FINLAND

  • Leaving a Glorious Future Behind? - Queer in the Finnish Academia by Tuula Juvonen and Pia Livia Hekanaho
  • SQS: Finnish Journal of Queer Studies (includes some articles in English)

    FRANCE

  • Hexagone Gay Comprehensive LGBT history of France, arranged by region and by chronology, plus extensive biographies and bibliography, very well designed site
  • Sodomy in Eighteenth-Century France Translations from criminal archives by Jim Chevallier (scan down the opening page to the section on Sodomy)
  • Catalogue bibliographique gay et lesbien Bibliographical guide to gay and lesbian history, culture and literature (mainly French), often with extensive annotations, together with illustrations of covers and portraits of authors

    GERMANY

  • Das Centrum Schwule Geschichte in Köln lässt in der Ausstellung, "Wir sind wie wir sind", 100 Jahre Homosexualität auf Schallplatte erklingen. Information about gay music (German site)
  • Jan Magnusson's Bibliography of GLBTQ Literature since 1800. Especially good on German literature; links to mainly German sites.
  • Gay History Projects by Klaus Miller, including audiovisual material, with links to resources
  • Anna Louisa Karsch (1722-1791) Biography of "the German Sappho"
  • Invertito: Yearbook for the Study of Homosexual History (in German, but with English summaries)
  • Karl Heinrich Ulrichs Karl Heinrich Ulrichs, 175 Years of Pride
  • Nazi Persecution of Homosexuals 1933-1945. Outstanding exhibition at the United States Holocaust Memorial Site

    INDIA

  • Homosexuality and Hinduism by Ruth Vanita
  • Homosexuality and Our Forefathers, a brief history of homosexuality in India, by Kanika Goswami

    INDONESIA

  • Cross-Dressing Across Cultures: Genre and Gender in the Dances of Indonesian Performer Didik Nini Thowok, by Felicia Hughes-Freeland

    IRELAND

  • Gay Belfast History

    ITALY

  • Sito di Giovanni Dall'Orto Outstanding collection of writings (in Italian) on gay history, especially focusing on Renaissance Italy, with more than fifty detailed biographies, highly illustrated, plus documents and links
  • Donatello's David, a free online gay historical novel about the origin on Donatello's David set in 15th-century Florence

    JAPAN

  • Japanese History for Gay Men A good introduction to Japanese homosexual history, with examples from early Japanese gay literature such as stories by Ihara Saikaku, and more modern authors such as Yukio Mishima

    KOREA

  • Homosexuality in the Korean Historical Record

    The NETHERLANDS

  • The Amsterdam Bar Culture and Changing Gay/Lesbian Identities by Gert Hekma
  • Reguliersdwarsstraat A history of Amsterdam's most famous gay street. More details at the Dutch site.

    RUSSIA

  • Russian physique photography
  • Russian laws against homosexuality
  • Russian Gay Culture
  • History of Homosexuality in Russia Available in Russian only. I am told this is a very good site, with a full bibliography

    SCOTLAND

  • LGBT History Scotland
  • LGBT History with a Scottish Slant Resources include history of gay activism in Scotland, bibliography of lesbian and gay journals

    SWEDEN

  • Swedish gay history and literature, bibliography of studies by Jan Magnusson

    SWITZERLAND

  • Es geht um Liebe: Schwule in der Schweiz und ihre Geschichte Gay History of Switzerland – Extensive, well-designed and well-illustrated history of homosexuals in Switzerland (in German)

    UNITED KINGDOM

  • With Downcast Gays by Andrew Hodges and David Hutter, the 1974 British Gay Liberation pamphlet
  • The Gay History of Cambridge University (part of the LGBT Month 2008 celebrations)
  • Nottinghamshire’s Rainbow Heritage The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans History Project for Nottingham and Nottinghamshire
  • Edward Carpenter's biography of George Merrill. Edward Carpenter's biography of his working-class lover George Merrill is now on the web, at the site devoted to the English social/sexual reformer Edward Carpenter. It's a transcription of the typscript/manuscript at the Sheffield Carpenter Archives (never before published). Carpenter and Merrill were virtually a "married couple" for 14 years, and were friends for more then 25 years. It's a rare and fascinating account of a nineteenth-century gay working-class life, up to the First World War.
  • The Trials of Oscar Wilde
  • Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender History Month (Britain)
  • Brighton Ourstory Project, especially A History of Brighton's Lesbian & Gay Community
  • Gay and Lesbian History at the National Archives: An Introduction
  • A Short History of the Campaign for Homosexuality Equality by Allan Horsfall, with links to other articles on gay campaigning in England in the 1960s and earlier

    UNITED STATES

  • OutHistory.org Documenting the LGBTQH past in the U.S.A. See especially the numerous source documents gathered by Jonathan Ned Katz about Colonial America: The Age of Sodomitical Sin 1607-1776
  • A brief history of the Gay Liberation Front, 1970-73
  • Gay Liberation Front A collection of primary documents made available by John Lauritsen
  • Voices West: Sex in the West: Cowboy-related documents about male-male relations in the American Wild West, in the form of a bibliography, illustrated with suggestives covers from cowboy novels
  • The Richard Cornish Endowment Fund, established in 1993 as a source of funding for the acquisition of gay and lesbian resources for the Earl Gregg Swem Library at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia. Several historical articles, and lists of publications
  • Gay Marriage, Brooklyn Style, 1820
  • LeavesOfGrass.Org Celebrating the life and work of Walt Whitman
  • Northwest Lesbian and Gay History Museum Project Sexual minority history in the Seattle area and the Pacific Northwest, with life stories, and guidelines for transcribing oral history interviews
  • One Institute Gay and Lesbian Archives USA
  • Our Homosocial Constitution: Some Sexual and Political Themes in Paintings Admired by the Founding Fathers, by Alan Hyde. An interesting sexual-political analysis of homosocial paintings, such as David's Oath of the Horatii, admired by politicians such as Jefferson and Madison
  • Queer History in Oregon

    TRANSGENDER HISTORY

  • Queer Spirit, History, Culture Will Roscoe's pages on the Native American Two-Spirit Tradition and other subjects of gay history
  • Contesting Cultural Norms: Cross-Dressing Publisher's description with extensive excerpts from two books published in 1620, Hic Mulier and Haec-Vir
  • Gender Variant Biography blog
  • General Resources Extensive links to web resources
  • The In-betweens, a history of eunuchs in India, by Kanika Goswami
  • Born Eunuchs: Homosexual Identity in the Ancient World
  • A Comparative Study of Male Transvestites, Male to Female Transsexuals, and Male Homosexuals by Vern Bullough, Bonnie Bullough and Richard Smith
  • Historic and Mythic Transgender Figures Transgender figures such as Joan of Arc, Julian Eltidge, Leslie Feinberg
  • The Tradition of Female Transvestism in Early Modern Europe Review of the book by Rudolf M. Dekker and Lotte C. van de Pol
  • Transgender Warriors Review of the book by Leslie Feinberg
  • Queer Play: The Cultural Work of Crossdressing in Medieval Drama, by Robert L.A. Clark and Claire M. Sponsler
  • Don't Call Me Madam The life of Ray Bourbon, early drag performer who worked with Mae West, with sound clips from the 1940s

    LESBIAN HISTORY

  • Sappho Internet Links
  • Strange Sisters An archive of lesbian paperback artwork from the 1950s and 1960s
  • A Sojourn in Paris 1824-25: Sex and Sociability in the Manuscript Writings of Anne Lister (1791-1840), by Dannielle Orr, PhD Dissertation, Murdoch University, Australia, 2006. Complete text
  • Lesbians and the Third Reich at the United States Holocaust Memorial Site
  • Pseudonymity, Passing, and Queer Biography: The Case of Mary Diana Dods by Geraldine Friedman. Good article on an early 19th-century woman who passed as a man.
  • Fashioning Sapphism: The Origins of a Modern English Lesbian Culture by Laura Doan (interview)
  • Lesbianism in the Eighteenth Century A Univeristy of Michigan students' project
  • Swade's Tribal Chant: A timeline of lesbian history
  • Lesbian Identity and the Politics of Butch Femme: A Butch-Femme Annotated Bibliography Very comprehensive and useful for a wide range of lesbian historical issues
  • Lesbian Poetry by Women
  • The Life of Marie Louise Pool, biography published in 1899 about a woman who we can now see was almost certainly a lesbian
  • Historical Lesbian Couples A good resource for portraits

    LANGUAGE AND LITERARY HISTORY

    [See also
    Links to Book Reviews]
  • GANYMEDE: Gay Mens’ Culture from New York, literary and cultural journal
  • Gay on the Range An archive of gay paperback artwork from the 1950s and 1960s
  • Male Love Among the Romantics including essays by John Lauritsen on Percy Bysshe Shelley, Lord Byron and others in their circle
  • Reviews of Gay Historical Fiction at Speaks Its Name
  • Chronological Survey of Gay and Lesbian Literature, with a very good list and description of Recommended LGBT Books
  • Gay Literature in Taiwan (a PDF file)
  • Gay Slang Dictionary compiled by Robert Scott, the most extensive online gay slang dictionary
  • Polari Dictionary, dictionary of gay slang used in Britain in the 1960s and earlier
  • Essays on Lesbian Literature by Nicki Hastie, including Lesbian eXcursions: Journeying through the personal narrative
  • Homosexual Themes in Ottoman Court Poetry
  • The Paperback Explosion: How Gay Paperbacks Changed America by Ian Young
  • Homophile Studies An annotated catalogue of books on gay, lesbian, bisexual, intersexual and transgender literature, art and history
  • Literary Historiography and the Gay Common Reader by Gregory Woods
  • Bibliography of 16th-18th cent. homosexual literature, especially rich in German sources
  • Stricken Deer: Secrecy, Homophobia, and the Rise of the Suburban Man by Andrew Elfenbein; long analysis of homophobia in 19th century England, with a particular focus on William Cowper's poem "The Task" and the possibility that Cowper was a closet homosexual. See also a review of Elfenbein's book Romantic Genius: The Prehistory of a Homosexual Role
  • Marie Corelli and her Occult Tales by Jessica Amanda Salmonson
  • Homosexual Literature since 1800, a selection of web links compiled by Jan Magnusson, mainly northern European, organized chronologically by author

    CINEMA, THEATRE, AND MUSIC HISTORY

  • History of Censorship in the British Theatre Exhibition at the British Library, 2008
  • Frameline, distributor of LGBT media to the educational market and beyond. Commercial site, but good reviews of films. Mainly American.
  • Queer Cinema Reviews of films which contain main or supporting characters who are identified as gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender
  • Gay Movie History with detailed information about more than 100 gay movies
  • Queer Music Heritage Extensive resource for the history of queer music, with recordings and illustrations

    GALLERIES WITH HISTORICAL IMAGES

  • Leslie/Lohman Gay Art Foundation, with extensive list of links
  • Gay on the Range An archive of gay paperback artwork from the 1950s and 1960s
  • Strange Sisters An archive of lesbian paperback artwork from the 1950s and 1960s
  • An Interview with Steve Reeves
  • Beefcake Babylon: The Iconography of Sword and Sandal Epics
  • Beefcake Babylon part 2
  • Beefcake Babylon part 3
  • Beefcake Babylon video tour
  • Physique Photography and the Cult of Hercules
  • Antinous Portraits A virtual museum of hundreds of statues of Antinous, lover of the Emperor Hadrian, with detailed information about provenance.
  • Out of the Closet A fascinating survey of gay historical figures and images from Paul Hennefeld's award-winning collection of postage stamps
  • Fine Art for Men Commercial gallery of historical male art, photography and antiques going back to the Renaissance period
  • Queer Arts Resource
  • BigKugels Photographic Vintage male nudes
  • Physique Magazines: A History of American Male Erotica
  • The Rise and Fall of the Physique Magazines

    GENERAL RESOURCES & SOME COMMERCIAL SITES

  • Sexbiblio: Bibliography of the History of Western Sexuality
  • Beyond Homophobia, a blog by Dr Gregory Herek, about policy, science and sexual orientation, with useful summaries of current social science research (but very USA-focused)
  • International Encyclopedia of Sexuality online at the Kinsey Institute
  • GLBTQ Information Site, an excellent resource
  • OutTraveler - The Guide to Gay Travel   America's premiere gay and lesbian travel magazine, The Out Traveler, covers the latest destinations, resorts, and travel trends and blends Out's trademark photography with The Advocate's authoritative voice on LGBT topics. Some interesting historical features, such as Felice Picano's Forever Florence.
  • The Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide   The Bimonthly Journal of GLBT Arts, Culture, and Politics
  • Elysium Press catalog of out-of-print and antiquarian books of interest to gay men
  • White Crane: A Journal of Gay Spirit, Wisdom and Culture. The back issues contain some interesting articles, such as Will Roscoe's essay on Archetypes.

  • Go to Links to Reviews of Books on Queer History
    Go to Links to Reviews of Biographies of Gays and Lesbians
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