25 October 1744
25 October 1744
One of them is charg'd with the Murder of Mr. Hutchens, (who kept the Five Bells at Chelsea) at bloody Bridge sometime since.
The same Day Staffordshire Nan, of Thieving-lane, Westminster, was committed to Newgate, for being concern'd in the said Murder.
An Order is gone to bring up a certain Serjeant and Corporal, who are recruiting in the Country, being charg'd to be Confederates.
'Tis said that an order will speedily be issued by the General Officers of the Army, that for the future, no Private Soldier shall appear but in his Regimentals; and when off Duty, not to wear a Sword or Bayonet by his Side. (Stamford Mercury)
27 December 1744
On Wednesday there was an extraordinary Council at St. James's, when the Report of the Malefactors condemn'd last Sessions at the Old Bailey, was made to his Majesty, who was pleased to reprieve David Shaddowes, and James Ruggles, two Soldiers, for a Robbery in St. James's Park; and Robert Carter, for robbing Mr. Wellday in Moorfields, and ordered the other 18 for Execution. (Stamford Mercury)
Monday, 31 December 1744
The Trial of David Shaddows and James Ruggles, December 1744
91, 92. David Shaddows, and James Ruggles, of St. Martin's in the fields, were indicted for assaulting John Church, in a certain open place near the King's highway, called St. James's Park, putting him in fear, &c. and taking from him a silver watch, value 40 s. a stock-buckle, value 5 s. and two shillings and twoppence halfpeny in money, his property, Sept. 17.
Trial of James Ruggles, John Smith and Thomas Cheworth
93, 94, 95. James Ruggles, John Smith and Thomas Cheworth, were indicted for assaulting a certain man, to the Jurors unknown, in St. James's park, and taking from him a gold repeating watch, value 20 l. a gold chain, value 2 l. and two seals set in gold, value 20 s. the property of the said man, to the Jurors unknown, April 10.
Trial of James Ruggles and John Smith
96, 97. James Ruggles, and John Smith, were indicted for assaulting a certain man, to the Jurors unknown, in St. James's pari, and taking from him a gold watch, value 10 l. the property of the said man, to the Jurors unknown, August the 1st.
Trial of John Smith, Christopher Jackson, and Robert Pinker
98, 99, 100. John Smith, Christopher Jackson, and Robert Pinker, were indicted for assaulting a person unknown, in St. James's park, and taking from him a pair of silver shoe buckles, vaue 6s. a pair of knee buckles, value 3 s. and a stock buckle, value 12 d. a hat, value 2 s. and a perriwig, value 2 s. the property of the said person unknown, Sept. 1.
Trial of Daniel Doe
101. Daniel Doe, of St.Margaret's, Westminster, was indicted for stealing a silver watch, value 21 s. the property of John Meakins, privately from hus person. June the 7th, 1743.
The Trials being ended the Court proceeded to give Judgment as follows.
. . . David Shaddows . . .
Robert Carter, James Ruggles, David Shaddows, are Reprieved in order for Transportation. [p.60]
SOURCE: The Proceedings on the King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery for the City of London; and also the Goal Delivery for the County of Middlesex, held at Justice-Hall in the Old-Bailey, on Wednesday the 5th, Thursday the 6th, Friday the 7th, Saturday and 8th, and Monday the 10th of December. Printed, and sold by M. Cooper, at the Globe in Pater-noster Row, 1744.
The Ordinary's Account
. . . On Wednesday the 19th of December, Report was made to his Majesty in Council, of the Twenty-one Malefactors under Sentence, lying in the Cells of Newgate, when David Saddow [sic] and James Ruggles, two Soldiers in the first Regiments of Guards, for a Robbery in St. James's-Park, behind Buckingham-House, and Robert Carter, for robbing Mr. Welldy of 4 Shillings and some Half-pence, received his Majesty's most gracious Reprieve for Transportation for fourteen Years. . . . [p.3]
THE Account we are now about to give respects a Sett of Malefactors, who not content with the Crime of Robbery, have thought fit to add thereto the most heinous Offence of Sodomy, which brought down Fire from Heaven; and, as if this had not been enough, they made that very monstrous Crime a Handle and Snare to draw Gentlemen in, which were inclined to that unnatural Sin. Every one will acknowledge this was no more than they deserved, and indeed, had it been yet more severe, provided it had made them take Warning, no Mortal living would have pitied them, but on the contrary, would have rejoyced thereat; but, as there are little Hopes, they who have gone so far, will stop there, we must wish, for our common Safety, and avert the visible impending Judgments of Heaven, that every one of them, of what Rank soever, were brought to condign Punishment: in the mean while, all we can do, is to expose their villainous Practices, that in case the hand of God does not deter them for the future, the fear of the Gallows, at least may, and bring them to Repentence.
OF that abominable Sett, the better Sort, (if indeed they better can be of such a Crew) have found the way to escape both Shame and Chastisement, by commuting with their Purses for the safety of their Persons; and as for the latter, who were all Soldiers, they escaped what was due to their Deserts, by being concerned with their Superiors; so true in this our righteous Age, that Wickedness in high Places is sure to go unpunished. Not to enlarge any farther upon this Head, we shall proceed to lay open to the World, this black Scene of Iniquity, not knowing which most to be astonished at, the Wickedness and Infatuation of the Gentlemen so drawn in, on one side, or the consummate Impudence and Villainy of those Decoy Ducks the Soldiers on the other. Proceed we then, to give the best Account we have been able to obtain, of the several Enormities whereof they have been guilty, and of which they must have received their due Reward, had they not been so effectually skreen'd by their Accomplices of the better Sort. But, though they have hitherto escaped corporal Punishment, at last, in this World, we will do our Endeavour they shall not go wholly Scot-free, but expose both them and their vile Practices to the Public, to deter all others, who are not so thoroughly case-harden'd, from pursuing the like Courses. And thus, we hope, will be admitted as a sufficient Reason for giving the following Account of them, though they had Interest enough with those in Power to obtain a Reprieve, which may possibly be followed by a Pardon.
IT is a certain Truth, the longer we go on in evil Ways, the worse we grow; and that, if we begin pilfering with a Penny, we shall undoubtedly end with Pounds, unless the Hempen Neckcloth prevents us; and this is very apparent from the Confession of one of these abandoned Wretches, who gave the following Account of himself, namely, That the first Fact he committed was on the 7th of June, 1743, together with Dl D [Daniel Doe], belonging to the same Company. One of them in seems being a Taylor by Trade, was employed to make Waistcoats for the rest, and having just finished one Parcel, got Thomas Meakins (another Soldier) to assist in carrying them home to the House of the before-mentioned D[oe]. Being come thither, poor Meakins, little suspecting any Danger, and being in Liquor, and tired into the Bargain, flung [p.11] them down, and laid himself upon them to take a Nap. As he thus lay, buried in Sleep, his Companion observing the String of his Watch hang out, cry'd to D[anie]l D[oe], It is a fine Opportunity, shall we take his Watch? No, answered D, he will know he lost it here, and then we shall come into Trouble. Damn him, said the other, he is dead drunk, and will not know any Thing of the Matter. Upon which he called out to Meakins, in a loud Voice, What are you asleep? and receiving no Answer, he took hold of the String, and drew the Watch out of his Pocket, which he afterwards pawned for 20s. ten whereof he kept himself, and gave the Remainder to D[anie]l D[oe].
WHETHER his Success on this Occasion was an Inducement to him to continue the Practice, we cannot say, but we find him afterwards going on in the same wicked Course, without any Scruple of Remorse, and this with the heinous Aggravation of making the detestable Sin of Sodomy a Handle for the Accomplishment of his profligate Designs. Accordingly the next Robbery wherein he appears to have been concerned, was in Company with James Ruggles J S and T C [John Smith and Thomas Cheworth], at the Beginning of last April, about the Hour of Ten at Night.
THESE four Brethren in Iniquity, as well as Brothers in Calling, (being all Soldiers) were then sauntring about the Park, in quest of somebody fit for their abandon'd Purpose, when C[heworth] fixed his Eye upon a Gentleman whom he judg'd, and, as it prov'd, rightly, to be inclined to that horrid and unnatural Vice. Upon this, he went up to him, and accosted him in a Dialect, it is to be supposed, peculiar to that Sett of Monsters, which, it seems was so agreeable to the Gentleman, that not considering the Hazard he ran in this World, by putting his Life in the Power of such a Miscreant, nor yet the Enormity of the Crime he was about to perpetrate, he soon agreed to withdraw with him to the Side of Buckingham Wallk in the Green Park, as a Place proper for their abominable Practice, little suspecting the Snare that was laid for him.
IN effect, not long after the Gentleman and his new Acquaintance had arrived at the Spot designed for the perpetration of their Villainy, Ruggles and S[mith], with the third Soldier, who had observed all their Motions, and followed them at a Distance, made up to them, just as they seem'd to be so busily engaged, that there was no Room to deny their Wickedness, and sternly demanded, What they were about, and what Business they had there. The Gentleman, who it may easiy be imagined, was greatly confounded at the Danger wherein he had involv'd himself, by being surpriz'd in such a Fact, could think of no better Excuse, than that the young Man, meaning C[heworth], had brought him thither; as if that would have been in his Power, had not he been himself so detestably inclined: Be that as it will, C[heworth], who acted his Part to the Life, retorted the Charge upon the Gentleman, and accused him of seducing him thither, adding, he believed it was with Intent to [sodomise] him. Hereupon, the three Soldiers began to abuse the Gentleman excessively, damning him, and calling him a hundred Mollying Rascals, and swearing he ought to have his Brains dashed out, with abundance of more scurrilous Language to the same Purpose, which they likewise accompanied with great Rudenss and ill Usage.
THE Gentleman finding he was got into bad Hands, desired them to be civil, and not treat him ill, and he would give them all the Money he had about him, as he acordingy did, but it amountd only to Five-pence Half-penny. It will easily be believed, so small a Sum was far from satisfying these abandoned Villains, whose sole Design was to make a Property of him. They told him therefore, he should not come off so, for unless he produced more, they would carry him directly to the Guard-room, and give an Account of his vile Actions; accordingly, they proceeded [p.12] forthwith to search him, without any farther Ceremony, but found he had indeed produced his all, for he had no more. On searching him, however narrowly, they found a Gold Repeating Watch, upon which they laid Hands, Damning his Blood, and telling him, they supposed he designed to have kept that from them, but they should make Bold with it; adding, he might be glad he escaped so easily, for he deserved to have his Brains dash'd out against the Wall. In Effect, the Gentleman finding all Resistance would be in vain, was forced to submit with a little struggling, and suffer them to go off with their Prey, which they did accordingly.
BUT tho' they had easily got such a Booty, they were not much the better for it, for sometime not knowing what to do therewith, and not daring to offer out to pawn or Sale, for fear of being stopt, wherefore it was agreed, that one of them should keep it in his Custody, till it could be some Way disposed of. He rejoyced therefore greatly, when some Days after, he found it was advertised, with a Reward of Twenty Guineas, and no Questions to be asked, upon carrying it to a Watch-Maker's in Fleet-street. Accordingly, not knowing better what to do with it, he sent his Wife therewith, whilst he staid himself behind at a little Distance.
IT seems in struggling to get the Watch from the Gentleman, one of the Seals was broken off, which the Soldier before-mentioned intended to have kept to himself, imagining the Reward would have been paid without it; but when the Woman carried the Watch to Mr. ***, he told her, he knew that to be the Watch, and could swear to it, for he had made it, and he set it a Repeating immediately; but he added, there was a Seal wanting, for which the Gentleman had a great Value, and he durst not pay the whole 'Reward unless that was produced likewise, but wuld give her Ten Guineas, if that would satisfy her. The Woman answered, there was all she found with the Watch, and she expected the full Reward; adding, that her Husband was near at Hand, and she would fetch him, and if he was willing to take that, she should not object against it.
HEREUPON she stept to him, and acquainted him with what the Gentleman said, wherefore he went himself, desiring to know why he would not pay the Reward, since it was the same Watch that had been advertised, and there was every Thing that was found wth it. Mr. *** answered, he did not refuse paying the whole Reward, provided the other Seal was brought, but durst not do it otherwise, till he had seen the Owner, who valued that particular Seal very muchly, and whom he expected to see next Day; that he would then acquaint him wituh this Circumstance, and if he agreed to it, he wuld pay the Remainder, and in the mean while he would give him ten Guineas directly.
THE Soldier expostulated with the Gentleman soemtime longer, telling him, he insisted upon the whole, or the Watch again; but finding he would not part with ahy more, till he had seen the Proprietor of the Watch, at last he pulled the other Seal out of his Pocket, and asked if that was it; being answered it was, he said he hoped then he should have the full Reward, to which Mr ***** immediately agreed without farther Words, offering him a Bank Note for that Sum, which he declined taking, and desired to have it in Gold, which was comply'd with directly.
AFTER receiving the Money, he expressed a great Desire to see the Gentleman himself, even tho' he were to have had no Reward, and gave Mr. ******* three small Keys, which he said belonged to the same Person, and begging he would acquaint himm with his wanting to speak with him, (which was promised) and he would call again to know his Answer: But he said this only for a Blind, that so Mr. ******* might not suspect the villainous Method by which he had acquired it, for he never intended to trouble him any more. [p.13]
AS soon as he had got Possession of his Booty, and was arrived at home, he consulted with his Wife, whether he had not better sink some of it upon his Companions, since they could neither Write or Read, and might, therefore, very probably, never know what he received. The Result of this Consultation was, that he should keep eight Guineas to himself, and share only the remaining twelve with his Comrades; accordingly he carried it to James Ruggles and John [Smith], telling them the Watch had been advertised, and he had received that Sum for it: Whereupon they honestly agreed between them, as C[heworth] was then in the Savoy, to share 3 Guineas and a half a Man, give half a Guineaa to the Soldier's Wife, and the remaining Guinea to C[heworth], with which, however, he was very well contented, as he was then just going Abroad.
ANOTHER Night Thomas [Cheworth] being alone in the Park, and having singled out a Person whom he thought fit for his Purpose, according to his wonted Custom in the Evening, accosted him in the usual Dialect, and soon struck up a Bargain with him, to which he was but too readily inclin'd. They agreed then to withdraw to a Place convenient for their wicked Purpose, which was in the Middle-Park, where being arrived, and C[heworth] observing a proper Opportunity, snatched his Silver Watch out of his Pocket, and scowr'd off therewith immediately; the Gentleman calling after him to stop, but in vain. With this Booty he came directly to the House of his old Comrade, the Taylor [i.e. Brown] before-mentioned, who made the Company Waistcoats, and desired him to pawn it.
THE other answered, it was a large old-fashioned Watch, and would not fetch much. Upon which C[heworth] said, Damn it, what can I do with it, I don't know; nor I neither, reply'd the other. At last C[heworth] cried, you may as well buy it, you can tell better how to dispose of it than I. Whereupon the Taylor asked, what he would have for it? C[heworth] answered, a Guinea. His Comrade answered, with a Smile, that is more than I can pledge it for to any one: Besides, supposed I could pawn it for so much, what should I get by that? He told him, however, if he approved of it, he would give him 15s. for it, at a venture. To which C[heworth] agreeing, he paid the Money, and keeping it afterwards for some time till he could meet with a Purchaser to his Mind, sold it for 2l 2s. 6d.
AFTER this hopeful Prank, T[homas] C[heworth] and James Ruggles, being out together in the Park, (the usual Place of Rendezvous, it seems, for such Gentry) and looking out sharp for their Prey, C[heworth], who was generally the Decoy-Duck on these Occasions, having fixed upon a Gentleman for his Purpose, went up to him, and accosted him in the usual Terms. His Company, as it appeared, was not disagreeable to his new Acquaintance; for they soon agreed to take a Walk together to the Back-Side of the Library in the Middle-Park, where they immediately proceeded to the detestable Business for which they had retir'd thither.
IN the mean while James Ruggles, who had followed them at a Distance, and waited only till he saw them closely engaged, came up to them, and seizing upon the Gentleman, cry'd, Damn your Blood you Dog, what are you a Mollying one another? Give me what you have this Minute, or I will carry you directly to the Guard-Room. The Gentleman, confounded and frightened almost out of his Wits, made answer, he did not come along with the young Man for any Harm, and desired Ruggles not to use him ill; but C[heworth] soon silenced him, by crying out, indeed he seduced me hither to Molly me. Hereupon Ruggles immediately said, Damn you, you Dog, let me have what you have got this Instant; and running his Hand directly into his Fob and Pockets, took out his Watch therewith and made off. [p.14]
HAVING thus possessed themselves of these unrighteous Gains, they next consulted how to dispose of the Watch, and C[heworth] offer'd Ruggles to let him have it for 16s. Ruggles agreeing to give him 15s. 6d. the Bargain was soon struck, though when he had got Possession of it, he was forced to keep it for sometime not knowing well what to do with it. At last, bethinking himself that his Fellow-Soldier and old Comrade, R[owling] B[rown] the Taylor, used sometimes to buy such Things, he carried it to him, and asked if he would purchase it; he confsented thereto readily, provided they could agree, and asked what he demanded for it? He answered, Two Guineas and a Half. Two Guineas and a Half! crys the Taylor, that is more than I could sell it for, if it was my own, and I would not give above half the Money/ whereupon Ruggles asked what was the most he would offer, and B[rown] aswered a Guinea and a Half; he replied, he would keep it for ever first; upon which they parted for that Time.
A little while after, however, he came again to B[rown], and repeated the Question, what was the most he would give for the Watch? To which the other answered, he could not afford to bid much more, if he proposed to get any Thing by it; Ruggles replied, he would not take that, but if he would give Two Guineas, it should be a Bargain. B[rown] then bid a Crown more, but Ruggles would not take it, upon which he advanced to Two Pounds, which Sum the other likewise refused; at last he told him, unless he would give him Sixppence out of the two guineas, he would have nothing to do with it. To this Ruggles readily agreed, and the Money was paid down; whereupn B[rown] kept the Watch about two Months, and then disposed of it to one Serjeant F, of the First Regiment of Foot-Guards, for Four Pounds.
NOT long after this, Tom C[heworth], James Ruggles, John S[mith], and R[owling] B[rown], being altogether at their accustomed Rendezvous, the Park, and about the usual Hour, namely, between nine and ten at Night, C[heworth] having fixed his Eyes upon one Sn, a Glover, as they found afterwards, addressed him in his wonted Manner, and having soon struck up a Bargain, decoyed him to the Back Side of Buckingham Wall, near the Ice-House, whither his villainous Companions followed them at a Distance.
THEY had not been long tere, before they began to be very busy together; upon which the others immediately ran up to them, and seizing the Glover by the Collar, demanded what they were about, swearing bitterly at the same Time, unless he would give 'em all he had about him, they would carry him directly to the Guard-Room. He was not, however, so easily frightened out of his Money as their former Bubbles, for he refused to comply with their Demands, and told them, he would sooner choose to go to the Guard, for he had done no Harm, having only come thither innocently with that young Man, meaning C[heworth]. When they found him so willing to go to the Guard, they refused to give him that Liberty, and insisted upon taking what he had about him; accordingly, running their Hands into his Pockets, they pulled out a Purse, wherein C[heworth] pretended there was but 14s. though they afterwards heard there was more, but they could never find how much: and this done, they went to B[rown]'s House, where they divided the Spoil.
SOME Time afer this, S[mith], Ruggles, and B[rown], happened to meet the same Person in their usual Walks in the Parki, and S[mith] accosted him in the ordinary Dialect of those Gentry. One wou'd have thought the ill treatment he had met with not long before, should have made him take Warning, and be very cautious what new Acquaintance he engaged with; but so strongly was he addicted to this abominable and unnatural Vice, [p.15] that, not knowing S[mith] was one of those who had robbed him before, he readily agreed to go along with him to the same Place, where he had been with C[heworth]. We believe, therefore, but few will pity him, when they see him fall, a second Time, into the same Snare, as he accordingly did in a few Minutes: For James Ruggles and R[owling] B[rown], who were upon the Watch, and had followed them at a Distance, as usual, no sooner perceived them very busy together, than they rushed upon them, (S[mith], who saw them coming, seizing at the same Time on the Glover with one Hand) and asked them, with two or three Damns, Whether they were Mollying of each other.
HEREUPON S[mith], who knew his Cue, and had his Lesson very perfect, cry'd out, Pray, Gentlemen, be civil; I confess, he wanted indeed to ruin me, but I would not comply with his wicked Desires, and therefore I caught him fast by the Arm, and held him so, that he could not escape. Aye, aye, hold the Dog, said his hopeful Associates, and bring him to the Guard-Room, unless he will give you all he has about him. Whether in so doing, S[mith] might have hurt him terribly or not, which is far from unlikely, we can't say, but he called out, Murder! Murder! as loud as he could several times, though to little Purpose, nobody coming to his Rescue. The lawless Villains not regarding his Outcries, or troubling themselves whether they hurt him or not, told him, Damn you, you Dog, we don't value your bawling out, had you twenty of your Mollying Rascals about you, they should not save you; which said, they immediately proceeded to lay him under Contribution, running their Hands into his Breeches, and taking all the Money he had.
NEITHER did this satisfy them, for they examined likewise the Contents of his Coat and Waistcoat, wherein, however, they met with no great Booty, finding only a Pocket-Book, in which were divers Notes and Bills, giving an Account of his Name, Habitation, and Business, which was of no manner of Service to them. Not knowing, therefore, what to do with it, R[owling] B[rown], after keeping it some Time, sent his Wife therewith to the Glover's House, believing it might be of Use to him, and, perhaps, expecting some small Reward for restoring it: But the Man happening not to be at home, she brought it back again, though the Servant who answered her, and had asked her Business, which she told him, desired her to leave it; so he received no Benefit from B[rown]'s good Intentions, which was the more the Pity, because, we are afraid, he was not often troubled with them; for, telling his Wife, he would run no further Hazards about it, he immediately threw the Notes into the Fire, and kept the Book for his own Use.
SOME Time after this Exploit, B[rown] and C[heworth] being at their wonted Rendezvous, the Park, about ten at Night, and as was before observed, like their old Master the Devil, seeking whom they might devour, the latter accosted a Gentleman, whom he judged fit for his Purpose, (wherein, as has been seen, by whatever Marks he knew them, he was never deceived) and after some other customary Discourse upon that Head, asked whether they should take a Walk together; the usual Phrase, it seems, among such Gentry, for entering into close Conversation. The Gentleman, who undoubtedly had received Intimation of the many Robberies committed by this audacious and abandoned Gang, in that Neighbourhood, asked, whither they should go? and upon C[heworth]'s answering, the best Place he knew for their Purpose, was the back Side of Buckingham Wall, in the Green Park. He answered, No, I will not go thither, for there are always a Knot of Villains upon the Watch, to make a Property of such as we. [p.16]
HEREUPON C[hewort]h (being resolved his Prey should not escape him, if he could possibly prevent it) said, Whither will you go, do you think we can be safer any where else? The Gentleman answer'd, Yes, come along with me. This said, they went out at the Stable-yuard, till they arrived at a long unfrequented Passage that leads into St. James's-street, whither B[row]n followed them as usual. They stopt just under an Arch-Way in this Passage, and being willing to loose no Time, were very busily engaged before B[row]n could get up to them: C[hewort]h, who was upon the Watch expecting him, no sooner saw him approach, than he seized his new Acquaintance fast by the Collar, and there held him. B[row]n then came up, and said with a stern Voice, Damn you, you Dogs, have I caught you at last? Give me what you have directly, or I will take you to the Watch. The Gentleman being unwilling to go to the Watch, and equally unwilling to part with his Money, struggled hard to prevent B[row]n putting his Hands into his Pockets: In doing which, he was over-power'd, and they took from about 5l.
NOT long after this Complication of Villainy, C[hewort]h went by himself into the Park to look for Prey, and fixing his Eye upon a Gentleman whom he judg'd suitable for his Purpose, and whom he believes to have been a Foreigner, accosted him in the ordinary Dialect, and soon prevailed on him to withdraw into the Middle Park. Being arrived at one of the most private Places, the Gentleman offered to proceed to such a Sort of Conversation as had induced him to retire thither; but C[hewort]h, who had other Designs in his Head, not only refused to comply, but violently seized hold of him, and with a stern Voice said, Damn your Blood, you Dog, now I have you, and unless you immediately deliver your Watch, and what Money you have about you, I will drag you to the Guard-Room directly.
THE other refused complying with this Demand, but to little Purpose; for C[heworth] having him at a great Disadvantage, held him fast with one Hand, whilst he searched all his Pockets with the other, and took out from thence 18s. in Money, a silver Watch, and a Snuff-box of the same; this done, he left the poor Foreigner to bemoan his ragged Fortune, and went directly with the Spoil to R[owling] B[rown], whom he acquainted with the way he got it, and consulted how he should dispose thereof. B[rown] answered, it was nothing to him, they were his, and he might do as he pleased with them. C[heworth] reply'd, he knew not how to dispose of them, wherefore if he (B[row]n) had a mind for them, he would sell them to him, for he believed he knew best what to do with them. He then ask'd him what he demanded for them; if you like the Snuff-box says the other, at 10s. it is yours; he offer'd 9s. and the other taking him at his word deliver'd the Box, which he sold aftrer keeping it sometime to a Silver-smith in the Strand for 14s.
THE very Night that C[heworth] committed the Robbery beforementioned, one Corporal S, who belonged to the same Company, but was upon Windsor Party, came to Town on purpose to send some Money down to his Wife by another Corporal, who was going to St. Edmund's-Bury, where she lives: Just after he was gone from B[rown]'s, in comes C[hewort]h, with his Booty, and being told, that Corporal S had been there, ask'd where he was gone, and was answer'd, they did not know, but expected him to return soon, as accordingly he did. C[heworth] express'd himself that he was glad to see him, and ask'd, if he would go and take part of a Pot, to which he readily agreed. In their way to the Alehouse, they pass'd by an Oyster-stall, whereupon, C[heworth] ask'd S, If he would have any Oysters? The latter agreeing, to this also, he treated him with Four-penny worth; and while they were eating them, the Foreigner, whom C[heworth] had [p.17] robb'd, came by and saw him; but not thinking it safe to apprehend him without Help, went on to a Watchman, and desired his Assistance to take him. Accordingly the Watchman came with him; but when they came to the Oyster-stall, he was just gone; upon which, the Gentleman ask'd which Way he went, and they answer'd towards Hyde-Park-Corner.
THEY made haste therefore after him, and had not gone many Doors further, before the Gentleman saw C[hewort]h in a Publick House, drinking with his Companion; and as he could discern every Thing that passed, by the Light of the Candles thro' the Window, he obser'd him winding up the very Watch, and pulling out the very Box he had taken from him. Hereupon he told the Watchman they were the same Things he had been robbed of, and desired he would go in and apprehend him; but the Fellow answered, There were two of them, wherefore he durst not venture in alone. Upon which they went to get another to assist them, and when they returned backk, the Birds were flown.
THAT same Night, after this Disappointment, the poor Foreigner going along Piccadilly, saw another Soldier, whom he mistook for the Person that had robbed him, and accordingly charged him with the Fact; upon which he was taken up and carried to St. James's Watch-house, where he was kept all Night. Next Morning the Soldier sent for his Landlady, who gave him the Character of a very innocent inoffensive Man; adding, that he had not been out of her House at the Time the Gentleman said he was robbed.
HE sent therefore to the Place where he had seen C[hewort]h drinking the Night before, to ask the Mistress of the House, If she shold know the Soldier that was there last Night, in Company with a Corporal? And upon her answering, She believed she should, were she to see him again, she was desired to step and view him who was in Custody, which she did, and as soon as she set Eyes on him, declared, He was not the Person; for the Man who was at her House, was a tall, clean-looking Fellow, with a Blue Grey Coat, a Red Waistcoat, and a Pair of Buckskin Breeches; besides which he had Reddish Hair, so that she should know him from a Thousand. Upon this her Evidence, and the Character given of him by hiw own Landlady, the poor Fellow was discharged, adn the Foreigner was forced to sit down contentedly with his Loss.
SOME Time after this, Ruggles and S[mith] being in the Park, they met a Gentleman agreeable to their Mind, whom they accosted as usual, and proposed a Walk to him, to which he readily agreed; whereupon they withdrew to the Side of the Reservoir, in the Green Park, whither Ruggles dogg'd them, and when they were cose engaged, ran up. S[mit]h seeing Ruggles at Hand, fastens directly upon him, and crys out, I have got a Molly; and Ruggles coming to his Assistance said, Aha, you Mollying Dog, have I caught you, you shall pay for this Pastime. The Gentleman begged they would not use him ill; upon which they answered, Damn your Blood, you Dog, what have you got about you? And without further Ceremony rifled him of all his Money, a Gold Watch, and 2 Seals set in Gold, as also an enamel'd Ring with the Name of Richard Perkins thereon.
SOME short Time after, they all went out again upon the old Lay, and pick'd up another Bubble in the Park, whom one of them asked to take a Walk, whilst the rest followed at a Distance, and coming up at a Time they judged convenient, they furiously catch'd the Man by the Collar, and cryi'd, Damn your Blood, what are you Mollying each other? Whereupon he said, For God's Sake, Gentlemen, don't use me ill, for I am but a poor Man. Whereto they answered, Damn your Blood, don't hink to come upon this Lay without Money in your Pocket; and immediately fell to searching him, and took from him an old Bag, with 4l. 10s. in Silver, and one Guinea therein, as also 3 Gold Rings, and then left him, [p.18] C[hewort]h, S[haddo]w, and S[mit]h, going one Way, and Ruggles and B[row]n, with the Bag, another.
THE two last being thus by themselves, and in the Possession of the Booty, says B[row]n to Ruggles, Let us open the Bag, and see what we have got. This he readily agreed to, and on so doing the last told 15s. (as he thought) under a Lamp: Whereupon B[row]n, who had observed one Piece, which he took for a Guinea (as it really was) cry'd to him, I will take this Shilling, (laying hold thereon) and do you keep another. No, says Ruggles, give me that Shilling, and here is half a Crown, which we will sink between us, and that is better. Upon which B[rown], slipping his Hand into his Pocket, took out another Shilling and gave him, by which Means he got the Guinea to himself. They proceeded then to a Publick House near St. James's, where they all met by Appointment, and divided the rest of the Money.
AFTER this, James Ruggles, D[avi]d S[haddo]w, and R[owling] B[row]n, went out together into the Park, as usual, and there picks up one William Church, a Joyner, and after some short Discourse retired with him to the Place where they commonly went on such Occasions, and were soon close engaged. Hereupon Ruggles and S[haddo]w ran up, and cry'd out, with an Oath or two, You Mollying Dogs, what are you about? To which the Joyner, as if mighty Innocent, made Answer, Nothing, Gentlemen; only this Villain, (meaning B[row]n) brought me hither, and I thought no Harm: With that, Damn your Blood, you Dog, reply'd they, had you not been that Way given, you had not come with him; which indeed was true. They proceeded then to rummage him of his Money and a Silver Watch, which they sold some Time after to one Solomon Moses, a Jew, (as they did that they had so taken before) for 9l. 11s. 6d. and for this Fact S[haddo]w and Ruggles were apprehended, try'd, and condemn'd, but afterwards Repriev'd.
THEY were taken in the following Manner, viz. James Ruggles, J[oh]n S[mit]h, T[homa]s C[hewort]h, and R[ober]t P[inke]r, being out one Night upon the same detestable Lay, and getting in Liquor, picked a Quarrel with some Chairmen, near St. James's, and broke their Chair Glasses, whereupon the Chairmen charged them with the Guard then upon Duty, and they were all sent to the Savoy. [p.19]
SOURCE: The Ordinary of Newgate, His Account of the Behaviour, Confession, and Dying Words of the Malefactors Who were Executed at Tyburn on Monday the 24th of December, 1744. London: Printed and Sold by John Appelbee in Bolt-Court, near the Leg-Tavern, Fleet-street, M.DCC.XLIV.
CITATION: If you cite this Web page, please use the following citation:
SOURCE: The Ordinary of Newgate, His Account of the Behaviour, Confession, and Dying Words of the Malefactors Who were Executed at Tyburn on Monday the 24th of December, 1744. London: Printed and Sold by John Appelbee in Bolt-Court, near the Leg-Tavern, Fleet-street, M.DCC.XLIV.
CITATION: If you cite this Web page, please use the following citation: